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Jacques Borchardt

Stolperstein für Jacques Borchardt. Foto: OTFW.
LOCATION
Pallasstr. 12

DISTRICT
Tempelhof-Schöneberg – Schöneberg
STONE WAS LAID
04/20/2012

BORN
01/23/1881 in Berlin
OCCUPATION
Woll- und Strickwarenfabrikant
FORCED LABOUR
at
deutsche Waffen- und Monitionsfabrik Reinickendorf
DEPORTATION
on the 24th of June 1942 to Minsk
MURDERED
in Minsk

Jacques Borchardt was born in Berlin on 23 January 1881, the son of Michael Borchardt, a tradesman (born 1848 in Preußisch Friedland, Pomerania) and Bertha (known as Brendel), née Steindecker (born in 1851 in Wertheim). He had two sisters: Rida Levy (1882-1939) and Tyra Salomon (1883-1937).
His marriage to Anna Simon, née Loriesohn, a widowed business owner, ended in divorce in 1919. On 23 June 1920, he married Franziska Pasmantier, born in 1889 in Warsaw. This marriage produced three children: Helmut Michael (born on 20 October 1922), Lilli Flora (born on 25 January 1926) and Irene (born on 31 January 1929).
Jacques Borchardt – a tradesman like his father – had founded a woollens factory in 1919, mainly manufacturing socks and stockings. The business premises were last located at Schöneberger Ufer 27.
The Borchardts were financially comfortable and lived in a detached villa in Nikolassee, in the district of Zehlendorf. They employed a household help to assist raising the children. After the Nazis assumed power, the family was forced to leave their home at Dreilinden Straße 23 and move to the inner city.
Jacques Borchardt’s woollens factory was eventually expropriated – the business was finally “liquidated” in 1939 – depriving the family of its means of existence. According to the Berlin directories, Jacques Borchardt worked as a sales representative from about 1934 on while his wife worked as a secretary.
Like many parents, the Borchardts tried to get their children out of Germany first – hoping to join them soon afterwards. In May 1939, their youngest daughter Irene left for England on a “kinder transport”. Here, she was taken in by a non-Jewish family who lived in Midhurst in the south of England. The Borchardts’ plan to send their elder daughter Lilli out of the country, too, was frustrated by the outbreak of World War II.
In June 1941, the Borchardt family was forced to leave their apartment at Pallas Straße 12 in Schöneberg and move to Ebers Straße 18. Here, they lived as subtenants of Edith Löwenthal, a photographer. Jacques Borchhardt performed forced labour at the German armaments and munitions factory in Reinickendorf, paid 70 pfennigs per hour.
On 24 June 1942, Jacques Borchardt and his son Helmut were deported to Minsk. The transport of 770 people reached the Byelorussian capital two days later. The deportees were taken from Minsk freight station by lorry to the Maly Trostinec execution site a few kilometres away, where they were presumably shot.
On 19 October 1942, Franziska and Lilli Borchardt were deported to Riga and murdered immediately on arrival.


Biographical Compilation

Dr. Claudia Schoppmann

English Translation

Charlotte Kreutzmüller

Additional Sources

Fotos; Angaben der Tochter und Recherchen von Amelie Döge; 6 Briefe von Franziska Borchardt an ihre Tochter Irene

ITS Transportliste; ITS Karteikarte;

Jüdisches Adressbuch von 1931

Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg: Auszug aus dem Standesamtsregister mit der Heiratsurkunde der Eltern von Jacques Borchardt;

BArch, Residentenliste;

Gottwald/Schulle, Die „Judendeportationen“, S. 235f.