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Gustav Ludwig Schwabe

Stolperstein für Gustav Ludwig Schwabe © OTFW
LOCATION
Thomasiusstraße 3

DISTRICT
Mitte – Moabit
STONE WAS LAID
08/08/2014

BORN
11/17/1878 in Bremen-Vegesack
OCCUPATION
Kaufmann / merchant
FORCED LABOUR
Hilfsarbeiter
at
Weser Flugzeugbau in Tempelhof & Gefolgschaftshaus, Hindenburgstr. 62/63 (Am Volkspark 62)
DEPORTATION
on the 4th of March 1943 from Eislebenerstr. 5, II. Stock, Berlin-Charlottenburg to Auschwitz
MURDERED
in Auschwitz

Gustav Schwabe was born in 1878 in Bremen-Vegesack. He was married to Margarete Frankenberg, from Berlin. In the 1930s Gustav Schwabe and his wife lived at Alt-Moabit 108, on the corner of Kirchstraße, then at Calvinstraße 20, and finally, in 1938, on the first floor of Thomasiusstraße 3.

Gustav Schwabe was listed in the Berlin address books as a representative and merchant, but like many other Jews he was later forced to do slave labor in weapons factories. The 61 year old Gustav had to work as a laborer in airplane construction at the Weser plant on Tempelhofer Feld. In the meantime, his wife Margarethe was forced to do slave labor at the Pertrix company in Niederschöneweide. Pertrix was a chemical factory, which also produced batteries for aircraft and submarines for military purposes. Slave laborers and workers were forced to work 11-hour shifts in very poor conditions. The women had to fill battery shells with highly toxic substances. Slave labor was used as a means to gradually destroy people through this type of work, because of the serious risk of poisoning, organ damage and infertility.

In 1941 the building where the Schwabe couple lived was Aryanized, and its Jewish owner, Siegfried Kadisch, committed suicide. Gustav and Margarethe Schwabe were forced to leave their home on Thomasiusstraße and to move with other Jews, including Paul and Irene Fürstenberg, and Herbert and Lotte Cassel, into a so-called “Jew appartment” on the 2nd floor at Eislebener Str. 5, near Wittenbergplatz.

Towards the end of 1942 mass deportations increased dramatically, and the Jews in Pertrix and other companies were replaced by Polish slave laborers. In order to facilitate the smooth transition of labor, the Jewish slave laborers were required to train the Polish slave laborers before they were deported. Shortly thereafter on March 1, 1943, the Cassel couple were dragged out of their flat and deported to Auschwitz. Three days later, 49 year old Gustav, his wife Margarethe, and the Fürstenberg couple, were forced to leave the flat at Eislebenerstrasse, and were all deported together to the extermination camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau, where all were killed.


Biographical Compilation

Holle Gaber & Oliver Geiger, translation by Judith Elam

English Translation

Judith Elam